How to Write an Ending to Your Article, Essay, or Chapter

    Knowing how to write an ending to your magazine article, academic essay, or book chapter is almost as important as writing a lead that hooks your readers. In fact, your ending is one of the most important parts of your writing! That, and all the stuff in the middle, of course :-)

    how to write an endingHave you read William Zinsser’s On Writing Well: The Classic Guide to Writing Nonfiction? Good writing isn’t just about learning how to write a conclusion. It’s about weaving all the aspects of your writing together, and ending your article, essay, or chapter by pulling all the threads together in a tidy little bundle.

    Before the tips on how to write an ending, here’s a quip from writer Rita Mae Brown: “Writing and money appear to be mutually exclusive,” said Brown, author of dozens of books. Are writing and money mutually exclusive? Not if you treat your writing career like a business — which is what “Quips & Tips for Successful Writers” is all about!

    Part of the writing biz is knowing how to end your articles, book chapters, and essays. So, here are five ways to write an ending to your magazine article, academic essay, or book chapter…

    How to Write Endings for Articles, Essays, Chapters

    Some writers believe the conclusion could have worked as the lead or introduction. It rounds out the article, and ties up the loose ends. The conclusion shouldn’t be an afterthought. To be effective, a great ending has to develop naturally from the article, essay, or chapter. The conclusion has to both surprise readers and make them feel like they should’ve known it was coming all along.

    To write an ending or conclusion for your work, you could…

    End with a quotation or startling statement

    You don’t necessarily want to add anything too new in your conclusion, but you can effectively include a surprising twist at the end. “…don’t make the surprise so foreign that it seems out of place and doesn’t tie into the article. If the quote or surprising statement seems out of place, then you only leave the reader confused, and you have lost the value of what you have built throughout the article,” writes Roger Palms in Effective Magazine Writing: Let Your Words Reach the World.

    Invite the reader to go in a different direction

    The best type of ending to write is one that both wraps the article up with a nice tidy bow and gives the reader something new to chew on. This is difficult for most writers – even seasoned freelancers – and I can’t even think of a good example right now! Great conclusions wrap the essay, article, or chapter up neatly, while giving the reader something new to consider.

    End your magazine article or book chapter with a story

    This type of conclusion can involve a whole new anecdote, or a new part of an anecdote you’ve introduced in the lead or body of the article. Palms says, “Often I like to end with a relevant story, a little vignette, something with a feeling that captures the essence of the article.”

    Summarize your article or academic essay at the end

    A summary isn’t the best way to end your article, essay, or chapter because it can be boring…but it can work. It depends on the writer’s creativity (edgy and quirky writing will keep readers hooked!), the content of the essay, and even the lead of the article. Writing a summary ending is an option — but as Palms says, “You also run the risk of having your readers quite the article before you have concluded.”

    Circle back to your lead

    Writing an Ending

    how to write a conclusion

    Ending your essay or article with a reference to your lead “gives a feeling of arrival,” says Palms. “You might want to pick up a word, a phrase, or part of an anecdote from the lead and bring it into the conclusion.”

    “I like to leave people with a hook at the end of an article, something that lodges in their minds so deeply that they can’t forget it right away,” says Palms. “A good ending ties together all the discoveries.”

    If you have any questions or thoughts on ending your articles, essays, or chapters, please comment below. And, remember that writing a good ending involves a lot editing and revising!

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    May you find the perfect way to conclude your article, chapter, or essay – and may you sleep easy tonight.

    5 Responses

    1. Lois Cruz says:

      i would just like to ask if it is possible to end an article with a question then answering it, example: “Do you think they will win the second time around? Find out this coming February 2016.” thank you so much, i just really need the advice since I’m currently finishing an article for my preliminary exams which will be passed this coming monday. thank you so much:)

    2. vruta.g. says:

      I am searching for articles like this everyday for help with my assignments, and I found this the most helpful. Thanks for creating such a wonderful page!
      And I also have a question: How do I “convert” my writing “style” i.e. is there any way a writer can change his/her “voice”?

    3. DoctorD says:

      My work entails me to write on a lot on subjects about which I know very little. That means – i have to research a lot before i write.

      When I sit down to write – i fail to gather my thoughts to flow, words fail me and i write worst than a school kid.

      I am the poorest writer on this planet.
      My writing confidence is at an all time low and i dont know if at all it will ever improve !

      Sorry – an emotional outburst :(

    4. Jerry says:

      I couldn’t agree more. The ending or the conclusion of your piece (whatever may you be writing) should be enticing, that your targeted audience would like to read moreover. Creativity and how edgy your conclusion will surely increase your leads, thus beneficial for bloggers.

    5. UPPAL says:

      Hi Laurie,
      Thanks for the informative article. The catch is in the last sentence i.e. a good ending requires a lot of editing and revising.I couldn’t agree with you more!

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