How to Understand the Results of Your Semen Analysis

    Here’s how to read and understand your semen analysis, plus a description of what a normal sperm looks like. Sluggish sperm, diminished sperm motility, and normal forward sperm progression are some of the terms you’ll see on your semen analysis results.

    How to Understand the Results of Your Semen AnalysisSpermCheck for Fertility is an easy way to do a semen analysis at home. Fertility doctors recommend doing at least two sperm tests, about three months apart. Men are constantly producing sperm, so test results can change from month to month.

    “A normal sperm has three sections: a head, a midpiece, and a tail,” writes Sharon Perkins and Jackie Meyers-Thompson in Infertility For Dummies (a great resource for couples who want to get pregnant!). “All three parts need to be normal for a sperm to be considered normal, according to the strict Kruger morphology, a system for evaluating sperm…”



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    Since male infertility accounts for about 33% of not getting pregnant for couples, it’s important to get a semen analysis done if you can’t get pregnant. A man’s sperm count, motility, or production is very important to pregnancy. Here’s a description of the three parts of a sperm, plus information on what sperm test results mean…

    What is a Sperm Made of?

    Though sperm are teeny tiny, laboratory technicians can see their details under a microscope (which is what will happen during a semen analysis or sperm test).

    • The head of a sperm contains all the genetic material, so a sperm with an abnormal head can’t fertilize an egg.
    • The midpiece of a sperm contains fructose, which is the energy it needs to move rapidly.
    • The tail of a sperm is necessary for propulsion. Sperm with no tail, two tails, or coiled tails are abnormal, and won’t help with getting pregnant.

    “Most laboratories can do a ‘screening’ semen analysis,” writes Sharon Perkins and Jackie Meyers-Thompson in Infertility For Dummies. “However, the determination of morphology (proportion of ‘normal’ forms)…takes a high level of expertise, and is generally only available at a bona fide fertility program.”

    What Does Your Semen Analysis Mean?

    Okay, you’ve received the results of your sperm test…and you have no idea what sperm volume, concentration, motility, or morphology really means! Have no fear: the following parameters are from the World Health Organization (WHO) – a reliable source of medical information.

    Normal sperm volume (amount) is 1.5 to 5 ml, or about a teaspoon.

    Normal sperm concentration should be greater than 20 million sperm/ml, or a total of greater than 40 million per ejaculate.

    Normal sperm motility means that more than 40% of the sperm should be moving (swim forward, mates!).

    Normal sperm morphology means that more than about 30% of sperm should be normally shaped, as determined by the lab technician. If the lab uses the more strict Kruger criteria, normal sperm morphology should be 14%.

    Normal sperm forward progression is at least 2, on a scale of 1 to 4 (this part of the sperm test measures how many sperm are moving forward).

    Sperm white blood cells should be no more than 0 to 5 per high-power field. More could indicate infection.

    Sperm hyperviscosity means that the semen should gel promptly, but should liquefy within 30 minutes after the sample is taken.

    Sperm Ph should be alkaline, to protect sperm from the acidic environment of the woman’s va-jay-jay.

    sperm test results

    “How to Understand the Results of Your Semen Analysis” image via Nemo, Pixabay, CC license

    If you’re worried about the health of your sperm, read Low Sperm Count – How Do I Make Healthy Sperm?

    Your sperm will vary

    And, if you’ve done a sperm test (or are preparing to do a sperm test), remember that semen samples can vary from month to month – or even day to day. It takes 72 days for sperm to develop.

    How does this affect the semen analysis or sperm test results? If you were ill, taking medication, or had anything unusual going on three months before the sperm test, then the results may not be indicative of normal sperm count, motility, or production.

    For more male fertility tips, read What Causes Unexplained Infertility in Men? Damaged DNA in Sperm.

    I hope this helps you read the results of your sperm test…don’t give up on your dream of getting pregnant. I can’t offer medical advice. If you need help reading or understanding the results of your semen analysis, I encourage you to book an appointment with your urologist.



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    102 Responses

    1. Rabia humza says:

      Hey Dr. Please tell the test results of my husband report. Volume.4.0ml colour gryish.consistency thick .reaction ph 8.0. Time of liquification 30 min
      Microscopic
      Total sperm count 110 million. Leucocytes 10-15/hpf. R.b.c. 1_2/ hpf
      Motile 1$t hour 70%. Sluggish motile 10% non motile 20%. Motile 3rd hour 60%. Sluggish motile hrs 15% non motile 3rd hour 05%
      Normal form 70%. Abnormal 30%…..

    2. Laurie Pawlik-Kienlen says:

      The only way to get an accurate, professional reading of your semen analysis results is to take them to a doctor. The internet is a good source of general information about how to understand the results of your semen analysis, but it can’t tell you what is wrong with your sperm.

      It’s possible that nothing is wrong with your sperm count, motility, or production! But only a doctor can tell you that…which is why you need to book an appointment with a urologist or fertility doctor today.

    3. Raja says:

      Sir my semen analysis test is:
      total sperm count 73 million
      Liquefaction 30 minutes
      viscosity Normal
      Appearance Normal
      active Motile 10%
      Sluggish Motile 10%
      Non motile 80%
      volume 7.0 ml
      ph alkaline
      Normal Forms 70%
      Abnormal forms 30 %
      WBC 6-8/hpf

      kindly advice me, what can i do for wife get pregnant ?

    4. preeti_sinha says:

      Hi,
      I am Sanju. I have done my semen analysis test which is as under:-
      Qty-3 ml, colour- whitish, seminal, alkaline, total sperm count -126 millions/ml, total motile- 80%, actively motile-75%, sluggishly motile-05%, non motile-20%, pus cells 1-3/HPF, Epithelial cells-02/HPF.

      Please let me know that my report is normal or not

    5. Deedar says:

      sir this is my semen routine examinations . volume 1.0 ml
      color grey white .
      pH 8.0
      viscosity semi viscous
      Liquefaction time 30 minutes
      total Count 35 Mill/ml 65-150
      MOTILITY
      Actively motile 10%
      Sluggishly motile 20%
      Non Motile 70%
      MORPHOLOGY
      Normal 30%
      Abnormal 70%
      Inflammatory cells 3-4

    6. majaliwa mpagineki says:

      My result of sperm analysis
      Micro volume 5ml
      Colour milk like fluid
      Viscosity poor
      Micro motility 0%
      Sperm count nil
      I need help

    7. fred says:

      I ‘m 37 and trying to conceive with my partner. Are the number good or Bad?
      My number are.

      Volume 4.5
      Concentration 23
      Motile 53
      Progression 2
      pH 6.4
      Viscosity Normal
      % Normal Morphology 4
      Total Motile Sperm 55

    8. alamin says:

      sir pls advise me on my semens result
      TIME PRODUCE 09:23AM
      TIME RECIEVE 09:27
      COLOUR MILKISH WHITE
      VOLUME 2MLS
      VISCOSITY NORMAL

      MOTILITY:
      ACTIVE MOTILE: 15%
      SLUGGISHLY MOTILE: 25%
      NON-MOTILE: 60%

      MORPHOLOGY: NORMAL :50%
      ABNORMAL: 50%

      MICROCOPY: PUS CELL:0-2/HPF
      EPITHELIAL CELL: ++
      OTHERS NIL

      CELL COUNT: 187/10/6

    9. Rajesh says:

      Hello Sir,

      Yesterday I had undergone with semen analysis and below are the results :-

      Quantity: 1.5 ml
      Color : White
      Reaction: Alkaline
      Active Motile : 60%
      Sluggish Motile : 20%
      Non Motile : 20%
      Sperm Count : 80 millions per ml
      Pus Cells : 2-3 hpf
      RBC : 0-1 hpf

      Kindly suggest if the reports are fine in getting me pregnant.

    10. David says:

      Hello Sir, I am 35 yr old, my recent semen analysis showed that:

      concentration-131 m/ml
      motility-64%
      PR-56%
      immotile-36%
      vitality-70%
      Normal forms-2%
      sperm deformity index-2.28
      Teratozoospermic index-2.32

      Please let me if there is any concern for pregnancy and if ant treatment required.

    11. Faisal says:

      IS there any chance of permanency. After getting/ treatment of 30 days Fertilox and Gonadil – F
      My Sperm Test is

      Quantity : 3 ml (Previous was 2ml )
      Color : Grayish white
      Viscosity: Slightly viscous
      Liquefaction : Complete within 20 minutes.
      Reaction: Alkaline

      Sperm Count : 35 mlion/cmm (Previous test was 40)
      Motility : 40 (Previous 45)
      Sluggish: 25 (Previous 30)
      Nomotile : 35 (Previous 25)

      Morphology: 55 (Previous same)
      LEUCOCYTES: 6-8 PH (Previous 4-6)

    12. Raj Kumar says:

      Could you please me as below semen test report is normal or abnormal

      Component Results
      Component Value Ref Range & Units Status
      ANALYSIS TIME, SEMEN 09:00 Final
      SPERMATOZOA, NORMAL
      MORPHOLOGY %
      53 >=4 % Final
      WBC COUNT, SEMEN 0 =1.5 mL Final
      SPERM COUNT, SEMEN 62 >=15 million/mL Final
      SPERMATOZOA, IMMOTILE % 37 % Final
      Decreased motility may be due to either non-viable sperm or non-motile sperm.
      SPERM MOTILITY, 1+ AND 2+ 9 (L) >=40 % Final
      SPERM MOTILITY, 3+ 11 % Final
      SPERM MOTILITY, 4+ 43 >=32 % Final
      TOTAL MOTILE SPERM COUNT 134 >=39 million/Spec Final

      SPERMATOZOA, MORPHOLOGY 20 >=5 % strict normal Final
      SPERM WITH NORMAL CHROMATIN 83 >=69 % normal Final

    13. ali says:

      Volume : 4 ml
      pH: 8

      MOTILITY
      Rapid Progression: 15%
      Slow Progression: 15%
      Non-Progression Motility: 20%
      Immotile: 50%

      Agglutination:
      Count / ml: 50 million

      MORPHOLOGU
      Normal: 50%
      Abnormal: 50%
      Pus Cell: 2-4
      Red Blood Cell: 2-4

    14. karthik says:

      My semen report
      colour – white
      p.h – 8.0
      quantity – 4.0 ml
      viscosity – high
      liquefication – delayed liquefication
      active sperms – 10%
      Sliggish sperms – 05%
      Dead sperms – 85%
      Total sperms count – 5 million / ml

    15. Chirag says:

      Semen analysis test report plz sir tel me advise Physical examination color: white grey, volume: 5ml, pH: 8 liquification time:30min, total count: 85mil/ml, WBC(PUS Cells): 1-2 /HPF, rapidly motile: 50%, sluggishly motile:20%, non motile:30%, normal: 70%, abnormal: 30%

    16. Kate says:

      These are my husband’s semen analysis results. Is there any possible chance we can perhaps conceive naturally? Thanks, Kate

      Volume – 4.0 ml
      Concentration – 9
      % Motile – 50
      Progression – 1+
      pH – 7.6
      Viscosity – Normal
      % Normal Morphology – 2
      Round Cells – 0
      Total Motile Sperm – 18

    17. syed shabhir hussain says:

      Sir,

      Please give suggession on my sperm report
      volume 2 ml
      appearance ; Clear
      viscosity : Mildy viscous
      Total count : 30 million/ml
      actively motile 20-25%
      suggishly motile 20-30%
      immobile 30-40
      pus cells 1-2 / hpf
      rbc :nil
      Epithelial cells : nil

      please give me your suggession

    18. Mohammed Zafar says:

      Dear sir,
      Volume 1.5
      Colour opaque grey
      Reaction alkaline
      Ph 8.0
      Total sperm count 48
      Active motile 50
      Sluggish motile 30
      Please check my report if any problem regarding my result please let me now what to do.

    19. nadir says:

      Please advise on the below if my semen is good.
      Volume : 1.0 ml
      Reaction : Alkaline
      Viscosity : Viscous
      Liquefaction time : 45min
      Motility :
      Non progressive : 10%
      Non motile : 45%
      Morphology :
      Normal : 55%
      Abnormal : 45%

    20. ashok says:

      What does my semen analysis report mean?
      Volume 4.0
      PH 8.0
      Sperm Density 32

      PR 20
      NP 15
      IM 65

      Ideal forms 78

      Leucocytes 0-1
      Germinal Cells 1-2
      Seman fructose – Present

      Please suggest

    21. arun kumar says:

      Volume.5ml. colour – pearly while
      Liquificatiin time. – prolonged
      Chemical examination – ph 8.9
      Sperm count 45 millions / ml
      Activity motile 29%–sluggishly motile 30%— nonmotile 50%

    22. Rehman says:

      here is my sperm analysis report, can you tell that is it normal or need to concern with a doctor.
      Thanks

      Liquefaction Time: 30 min
      Appearance : Grey White
      Consistency: Normal
      Volume : 3.5 ml
      pH: 8
      MOTILITY
      Rapid Progression: 35%
      Slow Progression: 05%
      Non-Progression Motility: 10%
      Immotile: 50%
      Agglutination: Positive
      Count / ml: 149 million
      MORPHOLOGU
      Normal: 39%
      Abnormal: 61%
      Pus Cell: 10-12
      Epithelial Cells: Nil
      Miscellaneous: Nil

    23. akeremale says:

      Please can a loww sperm count around 16million/ml with 45% actively motive impregnate a woman

    24. josh says:

      Please help interprete if semen is normal
      Vol – 5.0 mls
      Color -opalesent
      Viscosity – viscous
      Liquifaction – normal
      Total count – 40 million/ml
      Total motility – 40% . active 35%, sluggish 5%
      dead – 60%
      linearity – B
      Survival time – normal

      Morphology
      Normal form – 95%
      Abnormal form – 5%
      Pus cells – (++++ )
      red blood cell – nill

    25. Tyra says:

      I believe anything under 20million sperm per mil is considered low sperm count and may encounter difficulties trying to conceive.. but I am no doctor.. just a nurse : )

    26. thabiso says:

      Hy..my sperm cell gt no tail how can I make a women get pregnant n wat to avoid?..I need help plz

    27. raj says:

      Hey,
      My semem analysis test report
      Day of abstinence 3days
      Volume 2.5 ml
      Ph 7.8
      Viscosity 30 min
      Total sperm count 65 mi/ml
      Active forms 50%
      Dead forms 20%
      Sluggishly motile 30%
      Normal form70%
      Abnormal form 30%
      Pus cells 1-3 hpf

      please suggest me what problem in my report

    28. mangesh says:

      my semen analysis report r following .progressive motility zero,non progressive 40%,non motile60%, abnormal forms 20% what is means pls.explain…..

    29. avinash says:

      My sperm count is 30 milliin/ml and sperm motility is 30% can we conceiving?

    30. faird says:

      my semen analysis result is bellow ,
      active , 45%
      sluggish 15%
      Dead : 40%
      account : 3 ml
      color : Gray white
      so i have need your advice
      i have 30 years old
      i married 5 years ago

    31. chiamaka says:

      my husband timed produced 7.56,timed examin 8.27,vol 5.0ml,ph 8.0,colour creamy brow,pus cel 2-4,redcell.1-2/hpf,,motility-,sluggish 2%active40,dormant cell40,normal morphology50,cell count21×106,abnormal head40,abnomal tails10

    32. Laurie Pawlik-Kienlen says:

      Thank you for being here, and sharing the results of your sperm test and semen analysis. It can be confusing to try to determine if you can father a baby based on the motility, count, viscosity, etc – and that’s why a urologist or fertility doctor is the person you need to talk to!

      The only way to find out what your sperm test results mean is to talk to a urologist in person. Don’t rely on the internet for results or an explanation of your semen analysis. The information in this article about sperm test results are for basic guidelines only, and not for personal health advice.

      Book an appointment with your urologist, and find out what the results of your semen analysis mean to you. Then, you’ll be able to get treatment – and maybe even get pregnant and have a baby!

    33. arun says:

      Dear friends,
      I ‘ve taken sperm test yesterday. I am 27 years old. I am about to get married, so wanted to make sure iam fertile and everythings is normal with my semen.
      Analysis says,
      Count – 55 million / cc
      75% – actively motile
      15% – sluggishly motile
      10% – non motile

      Moderatly viscous
      Liquification completely with 20 min

      Thats all..
      What does this mean.. Should i be worried about anything?

      Thank you so much for your valuble time and comments.

    34. mohammed says:

      Hi can you please tell me how many sperm I need for pregnancy, my semen analysis says I have a total sperm count of 48.

    35. Laurie says:

      The only way to find out with certainty what your sperm test results mean is to talk to a urologist in person. Don’t rely on the internet for conclusive results of your semen analysis. The information in this article about sperm test results are for basic guidelines only, and not for personal medical advice.

      Book an appointment with your urologist, and find out what the results of your semen analysis mean to you. Then, you’ll be able to get treatment – and maybe even get pregnant and have a baby!

    36. parus says:

      hello..my husband sperm count is 1.0ml.greyish white.
      what does that.can i get normally pregnant.or we have to do test tube.we 2 nd hlf year married couple?plz suggest me iam very worried

    37. Unknown says:

      My husband did a semen analysis and the reslts are as followed volme 1.8 l sperm count is 99.8 motility immediately 60 1 hr 40 and 2 hr 30 what does this mean how low is the motility compared to normal and what can we do about this?

    38. Irshad says:

      Dear Sir,
      My semen anaylisis is below. please guid me . My age is 27, i am married since 2 years.

      Total Count 13 Millions
      Active =19%
      Sluggish=21%
      Dead Sperms= 60%
      Pus=18

    39. anonymous says:

      sir.
      my self an well educated peson after 2 years of my marrirge i coundcted my semen test and the ruslt are as fowllo.
      colour= gray opeque. viscosity=+.
      valume= 2 ml liquifation time 20 min.
      fructose= negative.
      ph = Alkaline
      sperm count= NIL.
      so sir is there any tritment to solve this problem and if it is then what is that and how can you help me

    40. Laurie says:

      Thank you for being here – it takes alot of courage to share the results of your sperm test, and ask for help with a semen analysis! I wish I could offer you more information, but I can’t give medical or health advice.

      I encourage you to see another urologist or fertility doctor for a second sperm test, to see if the two sets of results are consistent. Remember that men’s bodies are making fresh new sperm constantly. I think every 3 months, a new batch is made. So your sperm test today would give different results than a semen analysis in 3 months from now.

      Talk to your doctor, get a second opinion. I also encourage you to talk with your wife about different options for having a baby. Visit a fertility clinic, and learn about treatments such as in vitro fertilization and intrauterine insemination. Stay open to all the possibilities!

      I will keep you in my prayers, that your body develops healthy strong sperm, and that you and your partner are able to conceive a baby quickly.

      Blessings,
      Laurie

    41. nano says:

      Before 6 months i found thst my sperm count is 2.5 mil so i made a surgery for varicocele but after 3 month from the surgery the count was zero …. The analysis show that fsh and lh hormon have large number so i took a medicine to solve this problem of ampoles of ciditestone and choriomon .
      the result now increased 175000 for sperm concentration
      but zero motolity
      is there any hope to get my wife pregnant .. what should i do?

    42. makram says:

      activity motile10%
      A count 78million

    43. khan says:

      Semen analysis test report plz sir tel me advise Physical examination color: white grey, volume: 5ml, pH: 8 liquification time:30min, total count: 85mil/ml, WBC(PUS Cells): 1-2 /HPF, rapidly motile: 50%, sluggishly motile:20%, non motile:30%, normal: 70%, abnormal: 30%

    44. kamal says:

      Quantity 1.5ml , sperm count – 36mil/cc. Active motile- 25%, sluggish- 40%, dead sperms- 35%, pus cells – 5 to 6. Morphology – swollen neck +. Fructose test – +be. This result is OK to have a baby.

    45. daljit says:

      Sir my semen analysis test is:
      total sperm count 45 million
      active 70%
      Slugish 15%
      Non motile 15%
      pus cell 1-2/hpf
      rbc nill
      volume 3 ml
      ph alkaline
      do i have enough sperm to get my wife pregnent?

    46. alfred says:

      14 million sperm cell/ml
      motility 50% showed active linear progression, 20% showed sluggish non linear movement and 30%appeared dead
      morphology 85% normal spermatozoa /15%abnormal spermatozoa
      volume 4.5ml
      consistency complete liquefaction
      colour creamish
      can this pregnant a woman

    47. shan says:

      in india it costs only Rs.600 for a sperm motility test, ie USD 15

    48. SATEESH KUMAR says:

      sir,
      my semen is thin. I have one daughter. now I want one son. how can I make my semen healthy. my semen is thin.
      in semen analysis report .
      60% are active and 40 % are sluggish. give me suggestion that how can make healthy semen..

    49. raju says:

      I had a semen test, vol 5ml sperm count 45 million / ml active sperm 40% sluggesh sperm 60%. Is my semen analysis normal?

    50. Laurie says:

      Hello Amir,

      To get medicine to help improve your sperm, you need to talk to a urologist or fertility doctor. Ask for help figuring out what your sperm test results mean, and how a semen analysis can help you and your wife get pregnant. The internet is not a great place to get personal medical information – it’s good for general facts about sperm tests results and semen analysis, but not personal health advice.

      Blessings,
      Laurie

    51. Amir Shahzad says:

      My marriage since 1997 after the marriage 1 1/2 year one child daughter has born no any child did not born and not pregnancy my report semen routin examinatino
      Total Quantity: 1.0 ml Colour Greyish white
      Visosity: semi viscous pH: 7.50 Total count 40 000 000 pre ml
      Motility
      Actively Motile 25% Sluggishly Motile 35% Dead 40%
      SMEAR:
      Inflammatory cells: No Inflammatory cells.
      Abnormal Spermatozoae: 10% abnormal spermatozoae
      Please select medicine to give me

    52. Laurie says:

      Here’s information about a new male fertility test, called Trak.

      Men contribute to 50% of infertility cases and most of the time sperm count can be significantly increased through a variety of lifestyle and medical interventions. Trak is a revolutionary new platform that allows you to monitor the affect of various activities you are doing to boost sperm count and give you the best chance of getting pregnant each month.

      How Trak works

      1. Order Trak :The Trak starter kit comes with an engine, 6 disposable test props, collection cups and “Don’t Cook Your Balls – A man’s guide to reproductive and sexual health”

      2. Abstain for 2-3 days: Once Trak arrives, abstain from ejaculating for 2-3 days. This allows the body time to replenish sperm stores and gives a more accurate baseline result.

      3. Run test: Follow the simple instructions included with the kit to run the Trak test and record the result in the Trak booklet. Repeat the test after 2-3 days and record your result. Sperm counts vary day to day so it is important to test more than once per cycle to get an average.

      4. Take steps to improve fertility: Keep a record of things that you are doing to improve sperm production. Supplements, exercise, etc. Please see Don’t Cook Your Balls for a full list of things you can do.

      5. Try to make a baby: Have sex twice a week during non-fertile times and every other day during fertile window to maximize chances of conception. If possible, try to keep it fun and spontaneous as this can actually improve the number and quality of sperm in the ejaculate and boost odds of pregnancy. Regular sex also increases sperm production.

      6. Trak fertility: Test at least once a month, preferably during her period so that testing doesn’t interfere with baby making. It often takes at least 2 months to see improvements in sperm count. The more sperm you have the better your chances of conception. Average sperm count is around 50 million/mL. Chances of conception increase with more sperm up to 100 million/mL. If you are consistently below 20 million and are unable to boost count on your own, please seek out a urologist who specializes in male fertility as you may have a medical condition that is impairing sperm production.

      http://trakfertility.com/

      I don’t think this sperm test is available yet, though, and I don’t know how much it costs.

    53. Laurie says:

      I’m sorry, but I can’t interpret your semen analysis – it’s important for you to see a urologist to get in-person help with your sperm test results. A doctor can help you figure out if your sperm is healthy enough to conceive, and if it isn’t, then a doctor can help you get healthier sperm.

      Take your semen analysis to a urologist or fertility doctor, and ask him or her to help you read it.

      I wish you all the best in having a family,
      Laurie

    54. mizanurrahman says:

      Dear sir ,
      i had married 5 years and i made a semen analysis as follows
      vol.submitted=3.0ml
      Colour -Grayish
      Consistency- Thick fluid
      Reaction = Alkaline
      Odour -Musty
      Liquafaction=Completed within 30minutes of ejaculation.
      Spermatozoae=A)Total amount-50millions/ml.b.motility-1Approx 20%Are sluggishly motile&Rest are dead within 30mintues of ejaculation.2.Approx 10%Are Very sluggishly motile & rest are dead within 30mintues of ejaculation.
      Morphology:
      1.Head,neck and tail can be reconised of the mostomes. Some ones(4%) skow macrocephalic.absence of head, neck tail degenerated sperm seen HPF

      pus cells 8-12/HPF
      Fat globuls=(++)

      plz help me in explain my test result
      thank you all and i hope you good health

    55. Laurie says:

      New research from Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public Health says that stress degrades sperm quality. Men who feel stressed have fewer sperm, slower sperm, and sluggish sperm — which may diminish fertility.

      Psychological stress affects a man’s sperm concentration, appearance, and ability to fertilize an egg. The results of this research study are published online in the journal Fertility and Sterility. According to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, infertility affects men and women equally, and semen quality is a key indicator of male fertility.

      “Men who feel stressed are more likely to have lower concentrations of sperm in their ejaculate, and the sperm they have are more likely to be misshapen or have impaired motility,” says senior author Pam Factor-Litvak, PhD, associate professor of Epidemiology at the Mailman School of Public Health. “These deficits could be associated with fertility problems.”

      The researchers studied 193 men, ages 38 to 49, enrolled in the Study of the Environment and Reproduction at the Kaiser Foundation Health Plan in Oakland, California, between 2005 and 2008. The men completed tests to measure work and life stress on subjective scale (how they felt overall) and objective scale (life events behind the stress). They also provided semen samples. Technicians at the University of California, Davis, used standard methods employed in fertility testing to assess the samples for semen concentration, and sperm appearance and motility.

      Measured subjectively or objectively, life stress degraded semen quality, even after accounting for men’s concerns about their fertility, their history of reproductive health problems, or their other health issues. Workplace stress was not a factor, however the researchers say it may still affect reproductive health since men with job strain had diminished levels of testosterone. Being without a job did not improve matters. Unemployed men had sperm of lower quality than employed men, regardless of how stressed they were.

      It is not fully understood how stress affects semen quality. It may trigger the release of steroid hormones called glucocorticoids, which in turn could blunt levels of testosterone and sperm production. Another possibility is oxidative stress, which has been shown to affect semen quality and fertility.

      “Stress has long been identified as having an influence on health. Our research suggests that men’s reproductive health may also be affected by their social environment,” says Teresa Janevic, PhD, the study’s first author and an assistant professor at the Rutgers School of Public Health.

      While several previous studies have examined the link between stress and semen quality, the current paper is the first to look at subjective and objective measures of stress and find associations with semen concentration, and sperm appearance and motility.

      So if you’re stressed about your sperm test results, try to find ways to de-stress before you do another semen analysis!

    56. Laurie says:

      If the results of your sperm test or semen analysis are confusing or worrisome, please make an appointment with a fertility doctor or urologist. It’s really important to get an in-person medical examination, so you know what you’re dealing with!

    57. Nithya says:

      MY husband take semens test dead cells are 70-75%
      and active cell 25-30% so doctors told to give q gold tablet its correct treatment and its takes how long.
      and please suggest what kind of food,vegetables we can eat
      Thank you,

    58. Laurie says:

      Hello,

      What do your doctors say about your sperm test results? That’s the first and best place to get a semen analysis, so you can talk about your health and medical history as well.

      Sincerely,
      Laurie

    59. hani gamal says:

      dear sir ,
      i had married in 26/1/2013 and i made a semen analysis as follows
      quantity 2.5 cc
      viscosity normal
      reaction alkaline
      liquifaction 40
      count 18 million/ml
      active 35%
      sluggish 30%
      non- motile 35 %
      pus cells 10-12
      R.B.CS nil
      spermatogenic cells +
      abnormal 40 %
      others
      agglutination nil

      plz help me in explain my test result
      thank you all and i hope you good health

    60. ranjit says:

      sir,my semen analysis report plz tell me I want to be father.

      total sparm concentration 121million/ml
      %progresessive motility 65%
      sluggish motility 20%
      normal morphology 63%
      tfsc 60.2million/ml msc78.6 million/ml
      smi-320,pus cell(0-1/hpe)present,rbc-nil

    61. Laurie says:

      Hello Nawaz, I wish I could tell you what your sperm test results really mean! Unfortunately, I’m not a doctor.

      Have you had your test results checked by a urologist or fertility doctor?

    62. Nawaz says:

      2.5 ml/20m, prgrsvl motile 20%, slugsly 35% , non motile 45%, morophology 65% what it means realy? Waiting ur reply…

    63. Laurie says:

      Ask a urologist or fertility doctor to help you understand the results of your semen analysis. He or she can offer more information than you can get online! An in-person exam is very, very important.

    64. romani says:

      3 yrs back during my sperm analysis doctor found abnormal head sperm and i took medicine for 3 months. After that i got my wife pregnant. Now if i want to have second child do i need to take the medicine again or that treatment is one time enough? please experts can reply..!!

    65. Jamie says:

      My bfs results I don’t understand can someone help he only had 4.3 ml and it was 17.49 million

    66. JOSE says:

      doctor say my sperm count is less,how to mainten the count
      please advice

    67. ggaurav says:

      my semen test details are
      motility-20%
      counts-16milions/ ml
      non motile-80%
      pl. advise to me i can become a father

    68. Laurie says:

      Dear Samantha,

      My heart goes out to you, as my husband had a very similar sperm test. No sperm at all. It was devastating.

      I do not know if there are certain times of the day that sperm are more abundant and lively, and other times that they are not. I know that a man creates a new “batch” of sperm every 3 months or so, so it is worth getting another sperm test in 3 months or so.

      My husband got a genetic test done, which is free in Canada. It revealed that his azoospermia (no sperm) is the result of genetics, and he will never create sperm (apart from a miracle from God!).

      It takes a long time to absorb this, and learn how to live happily without creating a baby together.

      Are you ready to look at other options for starting a family together? If so, I can share what we considered, and what we are doing now.

      Blessings,
      Laurie

    69. Samantha Nelson says:

      Hello! My husband and I just got his semen analysis test results back. They told us the test is abnormal. I am just wondering – is there a certain time of the day where the sperm is actually there, when at other times it is not?. We’ve been trying to have a baby for a year and a half now. He just went in and got tested in January. A baby has always been my biggest dream. That’s all I’ve ever wanted. I am very upset with the outcome of this test. I am sure that with the test being abnormal – and there isn’t any sperm motility that means my husband is sterile? He will be re-testing on the 8th of March.

      This is what his test reads:

      Semen Appearance: gray-opalescene
      Semen Volume: 2.0 >>> 2.0 ML
      Sperm P.H.: 8.5 H 7.2-8.0
      Sperm Viscosity: NORMAL
      Sperm Motility: None Seen.
      Sperm Count: None seen. Sperm count normals: 20 million.

      Can you please help me?

    70. bhnm says:

      Hi,
      I am 41 old, and i am getting more worry with my wife and i did semen test 2times and the results was as follow:-

      quantity: 7 ml
      viscosity: normal
      reaction: alkaline
      liquifaction: within 30 mins
      sperm count: 80000000/ml
      motility(%): 1st 2nd
      active(%) 7, 0 sluggish(%)50 (%)57
      non-motile(%)20(%)25
      pus cells 15-20 H.P.F
      R.B.Cs Nil H.P.F
      Abnormal Forms 30%
      others Becteria:++
      Fungus:++

    71. Sazzad says:

      Hello Doctor,
      I am Md. Sazzad Hossain, 29 years old. I go married in January 6, 2012. My semen test result is as follows:
      Total spermatozoa count=50 million/ml
      Sperm motility:
      Actively Motile=35%
      Feebly motile=10%
      Non Motile (Dead)=55%

      Sperm morphology:
      Normal=80%
      Pus cells=5-8 /HPF

      Comments=Asthenospermia
      In this situation what shall i do to be a father?

    72. santosh says:

      Hello.
      This is the test result of my semen i really need to know if there are any problems.So I need your help.

      Volume: 1.0 ml
      Color: Greyish White
      Odour: Aeromatic
      Liquification: 30 mint
      ph: Alkaline 7.5
      Sperm Count: 06 Million/ml
      Actively Motile: 20%
      Sluggishly Motile: 30%
      non Motile: 50%
      After 1 Hour: 20% 30% 50%
      After 2 Hour: 20% 30% 50%
      Abnormal form: 02% large head,02% large head & tail,Occasional-Amorphous

      PUS cells: 0-1 /h.p.f
      Epithelial cells: +
      RBCS: OCCASIONAL
      Bacteria: +

      sir,kindly suggest me i can pregnant to my wife or not
      Please, get back to me as soon as possible.
      Thanks in advance

    73. Anne says:

      Please help me to read the following semen analysis:
      Volume .9 ml
      Appearance OPALESCENT
      Viscosity/liquifaction Normal
      Total sperms collection 03 millions/ml
      Active motility 08%
      Normal morphologies 11%
      Sperms motility index (smi) 15
      Motile sperm concentration (msc) .4 millions/ml
      Functional sperms concentration (fsc) .2 millions/ml
      Plus cells 10-15 HPF
      Red cells nil HPF

      Are there any abnormalities shown?
      Thank you in advance.
      With best regards

      Anne

    74. sachin says:

      My semen report is following
      volume-2.5ml
      viscosity-normal
      ph-7.0ml
      sperm count-8000 nos
      motility -nil
      slugish-30%
      dead-60%
      Abnormal-10%
      Please help me to get good treatment

    75. vipin says:

      hi this is my husband’s semen analysis report. plz help me analyze:

      sperm count : 45 million/ml

      actively motile: 30%
      slugglish : 20%
      Dead : 50%

      others: pus cells :2-4/hpf

      plz help me analyze. can i get pregnant?

    76. nihal says:

      hi this is my husband’s semen analysis report. plz help me analyze:

      viscosity: normal, reaction : alkaline, color : whitish.

      sperm count : 35 million/ml

      motility:::
      actively mobile: 15%
      slugglishly motile : 25%
      non-motile: 60%
      abnormal forms : 45%

      others: pus cells :0-1/hpf, rbc : nil, spermatogenic cells :4-6/hpf, sperm agglutination: absent.

      plz help me analyze. can i get pregnant?

    77. Ankit says:

      volume-0.5ml
      Sperm count-35ml
      active-20%
      sluggish-10%
      Non motile-70%
      Abnormal Morphology-15%
      pus cell-3-4/HPF

      WHAT ARE THE CHANCE OF PREGNANACY FOR MY WIFE AND IS ITS REPORT TO WORRY?WHAT IS THE BEST TREATMENT

      Godbless u

    78. Gabriela says:

      hello Richard,

      Please help read what does Morphology 7% means and what to do to improve it.

      Thank you so much,
      Gabriela

    79. k k daw says:

      total sperm 32mili/ml active 15% non motile 75% normal 75% abnormal 25% 6 to10 pus cells pls suges me

    80. Sunita says:

      Hello.
      This is the test result of my husband and i really need to know if there are any problems.So I need your help.

      Days of absence : 2
      Volume = 1.0ml
      Motility = 51.5millions
      Rapidly progressive = 51%
      Immotile = 49%
      Concentration = 101millions/ml
      Morphology = 2%

      Can I become Pregnant having 2% morphology sperm count of my husband
      or suggest me to increase the morphology count

    81. stella says:

      we have been ttc for 7yrs .my husband june results are as follow morphology 40,motility 45,sperm count 18 million,wbc 3,ph akaline and my hsg result is that one of my womb is blocked.looking forward for your reply.thanks

    82. Jason says:

      What are my chances of getting my GF pregnant?

      Volume = 1.0
      Motility = 40%
      Rapidly progressive = 30%
      Sluggish = 10%
      Immotile = 60%
      Concentration = 28.8m
      Morphology = 90%

    83. sarah says:

      This is my husband recent analysis is it ok? Consistency _ Nomal. Lignifactin_Complete. Volum 2.0mls. Viscosity Nomal. Motility 80% slugish 18% death2% count 14ml

    84. Laurie says:

      A urologist, gynecologist, or fertility doctor has to tell you what the chances of conception are, based on your sperm test results. Getting pregnant may be more complicated because of your sperm – but the doctor needs to be the one to help you decipher what your test results mean.

      Getting pregnant depends on what other factors are involved (eg, your age, your wife’s age, overall health, other sperm or ovary issues, lifestyle, etc).

    85. Kunle says:

      This is my result
      Active cells : 40 percent
      Dead Cells : 60 percent
      Morpholology : 70 percent
      Progression : 80 percent
      Ph : Alkaline
      Count : 18million
      Total : 54 million
      …..Do I have a chance with this test?

    86. Syed s Ahmed says:

      Hello,

      I have noted below my Semen analysis report and like to know is it ok for father a child and how good is it? cooperation in this regard is highly appreciated.thank you.

      Syed S Ahmed.

      Volume: 2.0 ml
      Appearance : Dirty White
      Liquefaction : Completely liquefied after incubation at 37 degree celcius for 30 minutes.
      PH : Alkaline
      Sperm Count : 50 million/ml
      Sperm motility : Activeli motile 15%, Feebly Motile 25% and non Motile 60% .Motility within one hour of ejaculation.
      Sperm Morphology : 28% sperms abnormal :(abnormality of head/tail/body)
      Sperm Clumping : Absent
      Leukocytes : 3-4 / HPF
      Epithelial Cells : 2-3 HPF
      Germ Cells :present
      fructose : present.
      Opinion: normozoosspermia with decreased motility.

      Regards,
      Syed S Ahmed, 48 years and 3 Months.

      Syed s ahmed, 48 years 3 months.

    87. Ameer says:

      Hi there,

      I am 32 old, and i am getting more worry with my wife and i did semen test three times and the results was as follow:-

      quantity: 3.5 ml
      viscosity: normal
      reaction: alkaline
      liquifaction: within 30 mins
      sperm count: 30000000/ml
      motility(%): 1st 2nd 3rd
      active(%) 55 45 40
      sluggish(%) 25 30 35
      non-motile(%) 20 25 25
      pus cells 15-20 H.P.F
      R.B.Cs Nil H.P.F
      Abnormal Forms 30%
      others Becteria:++
      Fungus:++

      I hope that you can give us the result of this test, is ok or not

      Best regards

    88. margrita says:

      Hello.
      This is the test result of my husband and i really need to know if there are any problems.So I need your help.

      Volume: 6 ml
      Color: White
      concentration: normal
      ph: 8
      number: 70 000 000/ml

      1/2 hr: 78%
      3 hrs: 68%
      6 hrs: 63%
      morphology of spermatozoides: 40% of form abnormal
      leucocytes: absent
      hematies: Absent

      Thank you for the info provided in this website. I really liked it.
      Please, get back to me as soon as possible.
      Thanks in advance

    89. R.PANDIARAJAN says:

      Dear sir,

      Pl check My Semananalysis and report send my mail id pandiarajanr1979@gmail.com

      Macro examination:

      1. Colour : Opaque – Grey
      2. Reaction : Alkaline
      3. Volume : 1.0
      4. Viscosity : Normal
      5. Motility : 50 %
      6. Total Sperms count : 20 Million/ Cumm
      7. Active Sperms : 30 %
      8. Sluggish Sperms : 20 %
      9. Dead Sperms : 50 %
      10 Pus Cells : 2-4 / HPF
      11.Red Blood Cells : 0-1 / HPF
      12 Epithelial Cells : 1-3 / HPF

      Serology

      1. HIV I & II : Negative (-ve)
      2. V.D.R.L : Non Reactive

    90. aquarious says:

      Dear Would you plese tell me that either this is normal report

      Time of liquefaction 30min
      viscosity thick
      quantity 3ml
      color greyish
      trasparancy opeque
      total count 60mil/ml
      motile 60%
      deadh 35%
      slugish 30%
      pus cell 10-12
      abnormal 60%

    91. Richard says:

      Me and my wife have been trying to have a child for the last 10 years; we have done IVF 6 times and nothing seems to work. Recently I underwent another semen analysis and the results are really worrying me; please helm understand them;

      Colour: whitish grey
      Ph: 8.3
      Volume: 2.0ml
      Viscousity: 30mm
      Liquefaction: poor

      Count: 3.0 million/ml
      Total: 6 million

      Motility: 0%

      SPERM MORPHOLOGY
      Percentage normal forms: 6%
      Small/absent acrosomes: 23%
      Tapered/elongated forms: 2%

      Leucocytes: present(+)
      squamous epithelial: present (+)
      erythrocytes: not observed

    92. guru says:

      semen report
      color ; grey
      reaction ; alkaline volume ;0.5 ml viscosity ; viscous

      total sperm count ; 32 milli/cmm
      motile ;35
      sluggish ; 45%
      immotle ; 20 %

      other cells puscells ; 1- 2/hpf epicells; nil rcb’s ; nil

    93. javed says:

      plz cheek my sperm report

      VOLUME 2.5
      CONSISTENCY VISCID
      COLOUR L.GRAY
      O dour MUSTY
      Liquefaction 15 Mint
      Sperm 110 millions/ml
      Normal Motility 40%
      sullegish MOTILITY 15%
      Morphology 70%
      Pus cells 1-2

    94. Fertility says:

      Take tablets like menivet to boost sperm quality.

    95. Sally says:

      Hello! This is my boyfriends sperm test results…please help me analyze 😉
      Cheers!

      Motility – 64
      Rapidly Progressive – 44
      Sluggish – 20
      Immotile – 36
      I gather he is at 64% motility…36% immotile right?
      Concentration – 108.5
      Total Motile – 208.3
      Normal Morphology – 9%
      WHO Criteria
      Mid-piece defect – 87%
      Tail-piece defect – 4%
      So…his morpholgy is at 9%?? So does that mean 9% have a chance of penetrating the egg? This is confusing ;( Help!

    96. Sharon Simons says:

      Love this site. I had to use IVF to try to conceive but had a miscarriage after a couple of weeks. Every Mom has a Journey towards becoming a Mom at Last. If that journey took you through Surrogacy, Adoption, or In-Vitro Fertilization, Mom at Last is the place to find information, success stories, & inspirational quotes. Visit our Mom Community today at http://www.MomatLast.com Every Mom has a Journey…so let’s connect & celebrate it!

    97. Hello Mary,

      Only a urologist, gynecologist, or fertility doctor can tell you what the chances of conception are, based on those sperm test results. Getting pregnant is more than having a good semen analysis and a successful tubal ligation reversal…it really depends on what other factors are involved (eg, age of both you and your husband, lifestyle, overall health, other sperm or ovary issues, etc).

      I wish you all the best in getting pregnant!

      Blessings,
      Laurie

    98. mary w says:

      My husbands volume was 1.0 and sperm morphology 26. I’m looking into getting a tubaligation reversal. Is he capable of conceiving with these results?????

    99. Hi Yaseen,

      What did your doctor say about your sperm test results? Reviving sluggish sperm may depend on the cause. Did you get your semen analysis from a urologist or a fertility doctor? If not, you should talk to one as soon as possible.

      Blessings,
      Laurie

    100. Yaseen says:

      Hi dear Richard!

      My sperm motility is 5 % only. 60% sluggish motile sperms are found. How can i make it better?

      Regards

    101. Hi Richard,

      Did you get the number results of your sperm test? I’m not sure how to help you read your semen analysis, without knowing what results you have. Could you post more information?

      A better idea is to take your sperm test results to a doctor, and get him or her to interpret them for you.

      Good luck – I hope your sperm test results are good!

      Blessings,
      Laurie

    102. Richard Thompson says:

      I just got my test done and now how do I read it???